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The orchestra was originally established as a small string orchestra, conducted by the renowned violinist Ara Malikian, later with David Strange stepping onto the podium. The first program, presented in Spring of 1999, included the Violin Concerto, op. 26, no. 1 by Max Bruch, and Beethoven´s Symphony no. 1, conducted by Maestro James Ross. Soon after, Maestro Lutz Köhler began his prolonged term as principal guest conductor, and the orchestra presented exceptional programs in diverse venues in the region of Castilla y León, participating in the 28th, 29th, and 30th seasons of the historic Sociedad de Conciertos of Salamanca, and in the Teatro Monumental in Madrid, offering impeccable perfomances of Mozart´s Linz Symphony, and Tchakowsky´s 5th, broadcasted in its entirety by Spanish public television and radio. The orchestra also presented programs in L´Auditori in Barcelona with the Overture to Don Giovani and the Prague Symphony by Mozart, and Dvořák´s no. 9, New World Symphony. In June of 2003, the orchestra performed Haydn´s no. 12, the London Symphony, and Symphony no. 5 by Shostakovich, this time in the Teatro Monumental in Madrid, home of the RTVE Orchestra (Orchestra of Spanish Radio-Television), concert which also received full public broadcast. On the occasion of the 250th Anniversary of Salamanca´s Plaza Mayor (main square), the orchestra was invited to take part in cultural festivity programs, presenting a concert in the CAEM (Center of Performing Arts and Music), under the baton of Lutz Köhler.


In June of 2006, as a novelty, the orchestra was conducted by Pablo González, renowned artist and present artistic director of the OBC (Symphonic Orchestra of Barcelona and Catalunya), who would later return for the June concerts of 2007 and 2008. Since 2007, Maestro Köhler has conducted the orchestra in the December concerts, performing in León, El Escorial, and in the recently inaugurated Centro Cultural Miguel Delibes in Valladolid, alternating his presence on the podium with Philippe Bach, Florian Donderer, and Javier Castro.  A recent highlight has been the performance in the June, 2011, in the inauguration of the 1st Heitor Villalobos Festival in Salamanca, and in the 4th Festival of Iberian Music in León, presenting Falla´s Amor Brujo, with the flamenco “cantaora” Caridad Vega, and the Villalobos Guitar Concerto, with soloist Hugo Geller.


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